The biggest challenges in ecommerce today: COVID-19 has increased the pace of eCommerce growth. The flip side of that growth is that competition is growing too. To keep up with competitors, eTailers need to know what the biggest challenges in eCommerce will be moving forward..
The eCommerce Landscape we have known todate
Shopping online last year moved from a convenience to a necessity because of COVID-19. The number of online shoppers jumped 30% in the US — a number not expected until early this decade.1 And globally, eCommerce sales in July were up 19% from the year before.2
The shift to online shopping let eTailers weather the pandemic better than many brick-and-mortar stores. It also forced some traditional retailers to go entirely online or shift more focus to the online market. And the shift to online shopping isn’t expected to change.
According to eMarketer, “The pandemic has only accelerated an ongoing shift to the [eCommerce] channel. Even as stores reopen and brick-and-mortar sales rebound, we forecast that ecommerce will lose just a 0.1% share of total retail sales this year, before gaining more than 1 percentage point each year by the middle of the decade.”3
The Biggest Challenges Facing eCommerce this year
Added opportunities bring changes that can lead to challenges. The biggest eCommerce challenges for eTailers in 2021 will come from customer expectations and options as well as continued uncertainty, which will only be heightened because of increased online shopping.
1. Higher Customer Expectations
Last year didn’t reduce online shoppers’ high expectations. It may have even increased them. And customer expectations won’t diminish this, which will make high customer expectations one of the biggest challenges in eCommerce in the months ahead.
Customers expect a lot, including things they may not even yet realize they want, including:
- Low-cost or free returns.
- Free shipping.
- A website where it’s easy to find information about products and policies.
- 24 x 7 customer service options right on your eCommerce site.
- A consistent shopping experience across their phones, their desktops, and mobile apps.
- The ability to use any number of digital payment options, including PayPal, Apple Pay, AliPay, Masterpass, Visa Checkout, GooglePay, Payoneer, WeChat, and more, as well as credit and debit cards.
The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in July reported a spike in consumer complaints about online shopping.4 The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) in the Philippines also reported an increase in complaints from online shoppers last year.5
While many complaints are about undelivered packages, others are for more subtle reasons and may never be reported. Lee Resources found that there’s only a 9% chance that an unhappy customer will complain as compared to just going elsewhere.
As an eTailer, your challenge is to address customer expectations at every turn. You want to keep your eye on what you have in place to make sure it’s working and watch what’s trending for the future.
Many expectations aren’t new but are worth revisiting. For example, auditing your eCommerce website’s usability lets you ensure you keep pace with competitors and customer expectations.
Ensure your customer service is high-quality, keep response time low, and responses friendly. Don’t dismiss the majority of consumers who won’t just abandon your shopping cart, but abandon your brand after a bad shopping or service experience.
Be transparent with your return and refund policies and make returns easy on customers. Offer free shipping if you can, even if you only offer it at certain times or in exchange for a minimum purchase amount. Think of the success of free shipping with the purchase of £25 worth of eligible items.
Offer at least the key digital payment options, such as PayPal and Apple Pay, and AliPay if you sell in Europe.
Also, watch for trends and what your competitors are doing. Try and get there first or, at least, not too late. Here are a few “trends” that have moved or are moving from trendy to commonplace.
Augmented Reality (AR)
AR lets online shoppers see furniture in their homes, virtually try on clothing, try out makeup or eyeglasses, and more. And increasing competition online for market share, especially with brick-and-mortar retailers moving online, make AR more than a new trend. IKEA is using AR to let shoppers see furniture in their homes before buying. More details about trends in User Experience (UX) here.
AR may turn out to be a competitive advantage, especially if you sell something that consumers want to experience before buying. If another eTailer lets shoppers “try on” an item and you don’t, you may end up at a competitive disadvantage.
A note of caution though, poorly implemented AR can go wrong.
Personalisation in online commerce is something customers expect. 74% of eCommerce companies already use personalisation.6 And that percentage is expected to increase to more than 90% by the end of the year.6
Bottom line: if you don’t meet — or better exceed — your customers’ expectations, your customers may shop around. And with growing online eCommerce options, they have plenty of other places to go.
You don’t have to rush out and add AR tomorrow, but you do want to keep your finger on what your customers expect and how you might delight them with experiences they don’t expect.
2. Expanded Customer Options
Customers’ options for where and how they shop are expanding too, which presents more potential challenges in eCommerce.
Local eCommerce Hubs
New shopping trends include local eCommerce hubs that bring the convenience of hometown shopping online. Sites like Shop Where I Live in the US, Le Panier Bleu in Quebec, Canada, and Angers Shopping in France, extend shoppers options. Many are also free for merchants.
And these local hubs are doing well during the pandemic. Bookshop.org, a US online bookstore that supports local bookstores, has chipped 2% out of Amazon’s market share for books.7
Social Shops and Catalogs
Social selling, such as through a Facebook Shop or Catalog or Instagram, is also chipping into the eCommerce landscape. The shops keep buyers right on the social platform to make purchases rather than sending them to the merchant’s website (available only in the US right now). Shops integrate with users’ news and advertising feeds and use habits to offer a level of personalization not found anywhere else.
Cross-Border Selling and Local Fulfillment
New competition doesn’t just come from more online sellers or brick-and-mortar stores moving online. It comes from companies increasingly selling to consumers in other countries. Where one company may have had the majority market share in its native country, increasingly companies from other across the border are eating into that market share.
Cross-border selling was growing before COVID-19 and has only expanded with the pandemic. Cross-border sales to US consumerswere up 42% in last year, and 10.2% in the first 6 months of this.8 And 23.55% of online sales in Europe are cross-border sales.9
Merchants are also adding local fulfillment centers to meet cross-border needs faster. And it’s not just Amazon setting up fulfillment centers in local areas. Christies Direct is a leading global supplier of dog grooming products. The company does cross-border selling and has established a warehouse in the US in addition to its original warehouse in Ireland.
Subscription commerce is another fast-growing trend whose growth has increased due to COVID-9. Subscription services cover collecting items for customers, replacing items (such as through autoship), and membership subscriptions that give customers access to benefits they wouldn’t have otherwise.
Amazon.com offers a variety of subscription boxes for kids and adults. Amazon Prime is subscription commerce. Dollar Shave Clubsends members regular deliveries of razor blades and grooming products. GlossyBox offers repeat deliveries of new beauty products. It started in Berlin, Germany, and has since expanded globally.
Gartner forecasts that two-thirds of D2C eCommerce companies will offer a subscription service of some kind with a few years.10
The takeaway is to stay aware. A subscription service may not be appropriate for your product line, but autoship might. If tapping into more market share or extending customer orders and returning visits does make sense, think about a subscription model.
If you’re a large national or international retailer, you won’t be able to sell on a local eCommerce hub. But you may want to consider increased advertising in a local area if you start to see diminished sales in a geography served by a local hub.
3. Increased Difficulty in Attracting Customers
Advertising channels and platforms are constantly expanding. The result is that consumers find products and brands in a lot of different ways today. That makes connecting with and attracting customers more and more challenging.
- 63% of product searches start on Amazon.11
- 66% of people prefer a short video over text to learn about a product.12
- 49% of consumers follow the recommendations of influencers.13
Be adaptive! Empower your team to look into new channels, new trends, and new opportunities.
METRO Markets add Google Shopping Ads campaigns to the search campaigns METRO was already running. Automated optimisation are used to manage those campaigns, METRO realised 3.7 million visits from just those Shopping Ads campaigns in nine months!
If selling on Amazon is viable for you and you aren’t today, it may be worth looking into. And if you’ve never used video, it could be worth trying one or two and seeing how they convert.
With a solid cross-channel strategy and efficient advertising management solution, you can use data and insights across platforms. For example, you can use high-performing keywords and creative as well as audience information from Google Shopping Ads campaigns to maximise Amazon Advertising campaigns.
If you’ve never done display advertising, maybe it’s time to consider it as a way to reach your customer with the right messaging at the right time during their buying journey to increase both awareness and conversions.
4. Increased Importance in Using Technologies to Automate
With all the complexity of eCommerce and to ensure you maximize on the opportunities, technology can be your best friend. Not any technology though, the right technology.
The right technology spans content management systems, backend or headless eCommerce platforms, logistics and delivery providers, marketing platforms, and more. An ideal technology gives you a single source or seamless integration with your other technologies, so you can maximise efficiency.
The technologies that are top of mind for eCommerce and online marketers this year are artificial intelligence (AI) and cross-channel advertising management solutions. SwiftERM is a 100% automated process, using state of the art predictive analytics to identify imminent consumer purchases.
AI or machine learning is the use of algorithms to learn from repeat patterns. Siri and Cortana use AI to learn how to better interpret and answer user questions over time. AI algorithms are behind Google Smart Shopping. Search engine and voice search results also use algorithms to deliver the best results.
Similarly, paid marketing platforms, known as advertising management platforms, use AI to help digital marketers automatically optimize search and shopping campaigns. Platforms learn from historical and ongoing performance data to deliver the most relevant, best-converting campaigns.
The advantage of AI is that it can move much faster than people.
With AI, your team is free from manual adjustments and can focus on strategy and other activities instead of manually optimising ads.
Cross-Channel Advertising Management Solutions
Due to the increasing number of channels and increasing ways to reach customers, a platform that lets teams manage and report on multiple channels — search, shopping, display, and social — and across platforms in a single place is a game-changer.
The ability to look at data across Amazon Advertising, Google Search and Shopping Campaigns, and Facebook Shops and use that data to optimise all channels and campaigns can help your team move at a much faster, more effective pace while maintaining a stable ROAS.
The right technologies are time savers. They can also help you stay agile, maximize performance and ROAS, and move faster than the competition, which gives you the competitive advantage.
5. Continuing Uncertainty
A significant eCommerce challenge this year will be continued uncertainty. Not just the uncertainty resulting from COVID-19, but the everyday uncertainty that a rapidly changing industry and technologies bring.
Expect the unexpected and stay as agile and innovative as you can this year. Don’t forget to stay strategic too. That sounds like a contradiction to being agile, but strategy will help guide you as you move forward. You want to focus on your best converting ads while retaining the flexibility you need to pivot and adjust your campaigns and strategy as needed.
The SwiftERM team help eCommerce companies worldwide develop and secure additional revenues from existing consumers using their predictive analytics for ecommerce solution which is scrutinised and authorised by all platform technologies before release.
1 eMarketer, US Ecommerce Growth Jumps to More than 30%, Accelerating Online Shopping Shift by Nearly 2 Years, Oct. 2020, www.emarketer.com/content/us-ecommerce-growth-jumps-more-than-30-accelerating-online-shopping-shift-by-nearly-2-years
2 BusinessWire, eCommerce Transactions Remain High During Pandemic — Outdoor Equipment Sales Highest Since Start of Summer According to Latest ACI Worldwide Data, Aug. 2020, www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200811005779/en/eCommerce-Transactions-Remain-High-Pandemic
3 eMarketer, US Ecommerce Sales Grew by Nearly a Third in Q2, Sept. 2020, www.emarketer.com/content/us-ecommerce-sales-grew-by-nearly-third-q2
4 PYMNTS.com, FTC Reports Record Surge In eCommerce Complaints Amid Pandemic, July 2020, www.pymnts.com/news/retail/2020/ftc-reports-record-surge-in-ecommerce-complaints-amid-pandemic/
5 Inquirer.net, ‘Significant’ increase in consumer complaints on online transactions reported in 2020, Nov. 2020, business.inquirer.net/311398/significant-increase-in-consumer-complaints-vs-online-transactions-reported-in-2020
6 Yieldify, E-commerce Adoption of Website Personalization Reached 74% During COVID, Aug. 2020, www.yieldify.com/news/ecommerce-website-personalization-adoption-new-yieldify-report/
7 Modern retail, How local e-commerce platforms are trying to challenge Amazon’s dominance, Nov. 2020, www.modernretail.co/platforms/how-local-e-commerce-platforms-are-trying-to-challenge-amazons-dominance/
8 Retail Today, Cross-border eCommerce Retail Sales Rising: Global-e Report Shows Strong Trading Across Regions and Verticals, July 2020, etail-today.com/cross-border-ecommerce-retail-sales-rising-global-e-report-shows-strong-trading-across-regions-and-verticals/
9 Ecommerce News Europe, 24% of ecommerce in Europe is cross-border, June 2020, ecommercenews.eu/24-of-ecommerce-in-europe-is-cross-border/
10 Contact Pigeon Blog, Gartner Trends 2020 Predictions: What They Mean for Retailers, Feb. 2020, blog.contactpigeon.com/gartner-trends-2020/#subscription-commerce
11 Statista, Most popular online marketplaces worldwide in 2019, based on gross merchandise value. Statista, Apr. 2020, www.statista.com/statistics/885354/top-global-online-marketplaces-by-gmv/
12 Wyzowl.com, Video Marketing Statistics 2020, www.wyzowl.com/video-marketing-statistics-2020/
13 Digital Marketing Institute, 20 Key Influencer Marketing Statistics That Will Surprise You,digitalmarketinginstitute.com/blog/20-influencer-marketing-statistics-that-will-surprise-you
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